Turkey Arrests Journalists It Ties to Outlawed Group
December 22, 2011 § Leave a comment
21.12.2011, By AYLA ALBAYRAK
ISTANBUL—Twenty-six journalists were among the suspects arrested on Tuesday in a crackdown on an organization tied to Turkey’s outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK, a media watchdog said, heightening criticism of the country’s record on press freedom.
If the number is confirmed, the arrests would bring the number of journalists in Turkish jails to more than 90, one of the highest detention numbers for journalists in the world, the Bianet media-rights monitoring group said.
The journalists, most of them working for Kurdish newspapers and agencies, were arrested on Tuesday as part of an operation against the Kurdistan Communities Union, or KCK, an umbrella organization for Kurdish nationalist groups that the government says acts as the urban wing of the PKK.
Agence France-Presse news agency said Mustafa Ozer, a photographer the agency employs in Turkey, was among the detained. Mr. Ozer is of Kurdish origin.
The state Anadolu news agency said 38 people had been arrested nationwide in the sweep, but didn’t identify how many were journalists.
A spokesman for the Justice Ministry declined to comment. Turkey’s government has denied repeatedly that any journalists are being held in connection with their work, but it has come under growing criticism from the European Union and Washington, as well as from international civil-rights groups, over the detentions.
Turkey’s military is engaged in a full-scale assault against the PKK, which had stepped up attacks against Turkish police and military since the beginning of the year, raising the stakes in a 30-year conflict that has left at least 30,000 people dead, according to estimates by analysts. The U.S., European Union and Turkey list the PKK as a terrorist group.
“Today’s arrests are shocking and worrying. They are directed at the pro-Kurdish opposition press. In a democratic society, such a crackdown on opposition journalists is very worrying and puts Turkey’s international credibility into doubt,” said Emma Sinclair-Webb, a Human Rights Watch researcher working in Turkey.
The U.S.-based Committee to Protect Journalists demanded that the Turkish government “justify the widespread arrests of journalists.”
“We call on Ankara to release the identities of the detained journalists and all charges being filed against them,” said Mohamed Abdel Dayem, the committee’s Middle East and North Africa program coordinator.
“The government must also immediately produce supporting evidence for this alarming, widespread crackdown. Without transparency, this clampdown appears to be an effort to silence dissenting views.”
Most of the journalists have been arrested under Turkey’s sweeping antiterrorism laws, which allow suspects to be held for years while awaiting trial on grounds that they abetted terrorists by spreading propaganda on their behalf.
Bianet said 68 journalists were in Turkish prisons before Tuesday’s arrests, either serving sentences or awaiting trial. Many are ethnic Kurds, while some are charged with aiding an alleged terrorist conspiracy that prosecutors say is known as Ergenekon to topple the government.
In a trial this month, Ilkem Ezgi Asam, a reporter for the left-wing Birgun daily, was sentenced to a year in jail for a quote she used in an article that the court said set up “officials on anti-terror duties as targets.”
Meanwhile, Turkish police and prosecutors have sought to crack down on the KCK, arresting lawyers, elected officials, university professors and journalists, among others. According to the Human Rights Association, a Turkish nonprofit group, 4,800 people have been arrested in the KCK operation over the past seven months, with more than 2,000 of those remaining in custody.
Among the lawyers detained were several who represent the PKK’s jailed leader, Abdullah Ocalan.